Coding hints

How to make an HTTP request in Javascript

You can make an HTTP request in Javascript via various methods depending on the JavaScript module you use. Here we will be telling you some of the most common approaches.

Making an HTTP request in Javascript Ajax

AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML) is a technique used in web development that allows web pages to be updated asynchronously, without the need to reload the entire page. It enables web applications to fetch and send data from and to the server without interfering with the user experience. AJAX requests are typically made using the XMLHttpRequest (XHR) object in JavaScript, although newer APIs like fetch() and axios() can also be used.

With AJAX, you can load data from the server without having to reload the entire page, allowing for more responsive and dynamic user interfaces. For example, when you type a search query into a search box, an AJAX request can be used to fetch search results from the server and update the search results section of the page without reloading the entire page.

AJAX can be used to implement a variety of web applications and features, such as autocomplete search boxes, infinite scroll, real-time updates, and more. It has become an essential technique for modern web development, enabling developers to build rich and responsive web applications that provide a better user experience

To make an HTTP request in JavaScript using AJAX (Asynchronous JavaScript and XML), you can use the XMLHttpRequest object. Here is an example:

const xhr = new XMLHttpRequest();'GET', '');
xhr.onload = function() {
  if (xhr.status === 200) {
  } else {
    console.log('Request failed.  Returned status of ' + xhr.status);

In the code above, we create a new XMLHttpRequest object and set its method and URL using the open() method. We then define an onload callback function to handle the response, which will be called when the request is complete. Finally, we send the request using the send() method.

Note that AJAX requests are asynchronous, meaning that the code will continue to execute while the request is being made. Therefore, it’s important to define a callback function to handle the response. Also, keep in mind that AJAX requests can be subject to cross-domain restrictions, so you may need to set up CORS (Cross-Origin Resource Sharing) headers on the server if you are making a request to a different domain.

Using jQuery $.getJSON method

jQuery is a popular JavaScript library that simplifies and enhances the process of working with HTML documents, handling events, manipulating the DOM, and making HTTP requests. It provides a convenient set of APIs and functions that abstract away many of the complexities and inconsistencies of raw JavaScript, making it easier and faster to develop rich web applications.

While jQuery is written in JavaScript, it is not a replacement for JavaScript. It is simply a library that builds upon the capabilities of JavaScript to provide developers with a more convenient way to work with the DOM and other web technologies. jQuery code is still JavaScript code, but it’s written in a way that is more concise and readable.

jQuery can be used alongside plain JavaScript in web pages and web applications. You can use jQuery to select and manipulate DOM elements, handle events, make AJAX requests, and more. However, for more complex web applications, you may still need to write some custom JavaScript code to handle specific functionality that jQuery does not provide out of the box.

In summary, jQuery is a JavaScript library that simplifies many common web development tasks and provides a consistent, cross-browser-compatible API for working with DOM and other web technologies.

$.getJSON is a shorthand method for making HTTP GET requests in jQuery that expects JSON data in response. Here’s an example:

$.getJSON('', function(data) {
}).fail(function() {
  console.log('Request failed.');

In the code above, we use $.getJSON to make an HTTP GET request to the specified URL. The second argument is a callback function that will be called when the response is received. This function takes a single parameter data, which represents the parsed JSON data returned from the server.

If the request fails, the fail() method is called and an error message is logged to the console.

Note that you need to have jQuery library loaded in your web page before using $.getJSON. Also, this method is only suitable for making simple GET requests that expect JSON data. For more complex requests, you may need to use $.ajax() or $.get() methods instead.

How to make an HTTP request in Javascript using the fetch() method

You can use the fetch API to make HTTP requests in JavaScript. Here is an example:

  .then(response => response.json())
  .then(data => console.log(data))
  .catch(error => console.error(error));

In the code above, we use the fetch function to make an HTTP GET request to the specified URL. The response is returned as a Response object, which we parse as JSON using the json() method. The parsed JSON data is then passed to the second then() method as a parameter, where we log it to the console.

If the request fails, the catch() method is called and an error message is logged to the console.

Note that the fetch API is a modern alternative to the XMLHttpRequest object, and it has a simpler and more intuitive syntax. However, it is not supported in some older browsers, so you may need to use a polyfill or a different technique for handling HTTP requests in those cases.

Using jQuery $.post

$.post is a function in jQuery that is used to send an HTTP POST request to the specified URL. Here is the syntax for using the $.post function:

$.post(url [, data ] [, success ] [, dataType ])
  • url: The URL to which the request is sent.
  • data: Optional. Data to be sent to the server. It can be an object, a string, or an array.
  • success: Optional. A callback function that is executed if the request is successful.
  • dataType: Optional. The type of data expected from the server. The default value is “intelligent guess” based on the MIME type of response.

Here is an example of using the $.post function:

$.post("", { name: "John", age: 30 }, function(data, status) {
    alert("Data: " + data + "\nStatus: " + status);

In this example, the function sends a POST request to the URL “” with the data object { name: “John”, age: 30 }. If the request is successful, the callback function displays an alert with the response data and status.

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